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Kingdom Bacteria

Bacteria (Cohn) Cavalier-Smith .

Common Name

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Aires, T., Marba, N., Serrao, E.A., Duarte, C.M. & Arnaud-Haond, S. (2012). Selective elimination of chloroplastidial DNA for metagenomics of bacteria associated with the green alga Caulerpa taxifolia (Bryopsidophyceae). Journal of Phycology 48(2): 483-490.

Alverca, E., Biegala, I.C., Kennaway, G.M., Lewis, J. & Franca, S. (2002). In situ identification and localization of bacteria associated with Gyrodinium instriatum (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) by electron and confocal microscopy. European Journal of Phycology 37: 523-530.

Atwood, K.C., Schneider, L.K. & Ryan, F.J. (1951). Selective mechanisms in bacteria. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 16: 345-355.

Baker, K.M., Gobler, C.J. & Collier, J.L. (2009). Urease gene sequences from algae and heterotrophic bacteria in axenic and nonaxenic phytoplankton cultures. Journal of Phycology 45(3): 625-634, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Bauer, N., Zwirnmann, E., Grossart, H.-P. & Hilt, S. (2012). Transformation and allelopathy of natural dissolved organic carbon and tannic acid are affected by solar radiation and bacteria. Journal of Phycology 48(2): 355-364.

Bednarz, T. & Starzecka, A. (1990). Effect of metallurgic industrial dusts on the development and activity of algae and bacteria in soils of niepolomic forest (Southern Poland). Arch Hydrobiol (S87): 65-82.

Bellion, C., Hamer, G.K. & Yaphe, W. (1982). The degradation of Eucheuma spinosum and Eucheuma cottonii carrageenans by i-carrageenanses and k-carrageenases from marine bacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 28: 874-880.

Berg, H.C. (1975). How bacteria swim. Scientific American 233(2): 36-44.

Biegala, I.C., Kennaway, G., Alverca, E., Lennon, J.-F., Vaulot, D. & Simon, N. (2002). Identification of the bacteria associated with dinoflagellates (Dinophyceae) Alexandrium spp. using tyramide signal amplification-fluorescent in situ hybridization and confocal microscopy. Journal of Phycology 38: 404-411.

Boalch, G.T. (1961). Studies on Ectocarpus in culture I. Introduction and methods of obtaining uni-algal and bacteria-free cultures. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 41: 279-286.

Boalch, G.T. (1961). Studies on Ectocarpus in culture II. Growth and nutrition of a bacteria-free culture. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 41: 287-304.

Bolch, C.J.S., Subramanian, T.A. & Green, D.H. (2011). The toxic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum (Dinophyceae) requires marine bacteria for growth. Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1009-1022.

Bratton, G.M. & Jones, A.K. (1979). Interactions between algae and bacteria isolated from the epoiphyton of Scripus maritimus. British Phycological Journal 14: 120.

Brinkmeyer, R., Rappé, M., Gallacher, S. & Medlin, L. (2000). Development of clade- (Roseobacter and Alteromonas) and taxon-specific oligonucleotide probes to study interactions between toxic dinoflagellates and their associated bacteria. European Journal of Phycology 35: 315-330.

Broady, P.A. & Merican, F. (2012). Phylum Cyanobacteria: blue-green bacteria, blue-green algae. In: New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume Three. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. (Gordon, D.P. Eds), pp. 50-69. Christchurch: Canterbury University Press.

Bruckner, C.G. & Kroth, P.G. (2009). Protocols for the removal of bacteria from freshwater benthic diatom cultures (Note). Journal of Phycology 45(4): 981-986.

Burnham, J.C., Stetak, T. & Boulger, J. (1973). An improved method of cell enumeration for filamentous algae and bacteria. Journal of Phycology 9: 346-349, 3 figs.

Bölter, M. & Rheinheimer, G. (1987). Numerical analysis of microbial and chemical characters and of saprophytic bacteria from the Baltic Sea. Botanica Marina 30: 535-544.

Caiola, M.G. & Pellegrini, S. (1984). Lysis of Microcystis aeruginosa (Kütz.) by Bdellovibrio-like bacteria. Journal of Phycology 20: 471-475, 10 figs.

Cameron, R.E. (1972). Farthest south algae and associated bacteria. Phycologia 11: 133-140, 4 figs, 1 table.

Corre, S. & Prieur, D. (1990). Density and morphology of epiphytic bacteria on the kelp Laminaria digitata. Botanica Marina 33: 515-523.

Craggs, R. (1991). Wastewater nutrient and faecal bacteria removal by marine microalgae. British Phycological Journal 26: 84.

Curto, S. & Favelli, F. (1972). Stimulative effect of certain micro-organisms (bacteria, yeasts and micro-algae) upon fruit-body formation of Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing.. Mushroom Sci. 8: 67-74.

Dempdey, M.J. (1981). Colonization of antifouling paints by marine bacteria. Botanica Marina 24: 185-191.

Devi, P., Solimabi, W., D'Souza, L., Sonak, S., Kamat, S.Y. & Singbal, S.Y.S. (1997). Screening of some marine plants for activity against marine fouling bacteria. Botanica Marina 40: 87-91.

Dodds, W.K. & Priscu, J.C. (1991). Ammonium stimulation of dark carbon fixation as an indicator of nitrogen deficiency in phytoplankton: potential errors caused by ammonium-oxidizing bacteria. Journal of Phycology 27: 79-82, 2 tables.

Doucette, G.J., McGovern, E.R. & Babinchak, J.A. (1999). Algicide bacteria active against Gymnodinium breve (Dinophyceae). I. Bacterial isolation and characterization of killing activity. Journal of Phycology 35: 1447-1454.

Echlin, P. & Morris, I. (1965). The relationship between blue-green algae and bacteria. Biological Review 40: 143-187.

Emoto, Y. & Hirose, H. (1952). Studien ueber die Thermalflora von Japan (XXIX). Thermal flora of hot springs in Nagano Prefecture. 3. Bacteria and algae of the Yamanonouchi (Hirao) thermal springs. Journal of the Balneological Society of Japan 5: 17-25.

Emoto, Y. & Hirose, H. (1952). Studien ueber die Thermalflora von Japan (XXVIII). Bacteria and algae of western district in Nagano Prefecture. Ecological Review 11: 107-112.

Emoto, Y. & Yoneda, K. (1941). Bacteria and algae of the thermal springs in Shimane prefecture (II). Japanese Journal of Botany 17: 704-720.

Fitzgerald, G.P. (1969). Some factors in the competition or antagonism among bacteria, algae and aquatic weeds. Journal of Phycology 5: 351-359, 5 figs, 2 tables.

Fries, L. (1988). Ascophyllum nodosum (Phaeophyta) in axenic culture and its response to the endophytic fungus Mycosphaerella ascophylli and epiphytic bacteria. Journal of Phycology 24: 333-337.

Goecke, F., Labes, A., Wiese, J. & Imhoff, J.F. (2013). Phylogenetic analysis and antibiotic activity of bacteria isolated from the surface of two co-occurring macroalgae from the Baltic Sea. European Journal of Phycology 48(1): 47-60.

Goecke, F., Thiel, V., Wiese, J., Labes, A. & Imhoff, J.F. (2013). Algae as an important environment for bacteria-phylogenetic relationships among new bacterial species isolated from algae. Phycologia 52(1): 14-24.

Gold, K. & Pollingher, U. (1971). Occurrence of endosymbiotic bacteria in marine dinoflagellates. Journal of Phycology 7: 264-265.

Gouy, M. & Gautier, C. (1982). Codon usage in bacteria: correlation with gene expressivity. Nucleic Acids Research 10: 7055-7074.

Green, B.R. & Gantt, E. (2000). Is photosynthesis really derived from purple bacteria?. Journal of Phycology 36: 983-985.

Grilli Caiola, M. & Pellegrini, S. (1984). Lysis of Microcystis aeruginosa (Kütz.) by Bdellovibrio-like bacteria. Journal of Phycology 20: 471-475.

Gyurján, I., Turtóczky, Tóth, T., Paless, G. & Nghia, N.H. (1984). Intercellular symbiosis of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and green alga. Acta Bot. Hung. 30: 249-256.

Haines, K.C. & Guillard, R.R.L. (1974). Growth of vitamin B12-requiring marine diatoms in mixed laboratory cultures with vitamin B12-producing marine bacteria. Journal of Phycology 10: 245-252, 3 fiugs, 4 tables.

Haines, K.C. (1974). Isolation of vitamin B12-producing marine bacteria on bioassay agar plates containing vitamin B12-requiring marine centric diatoms. Journal of Phycology 10: 367-368, 1 fig.

Happey-Wood, C.M. & Lund, A.H. (1992). Bacteria and phytoplankton interactions and their effects on picoplankton production in an upland lake. British Phycological Journal 27: 91.

Harrison, P.G. & Chan, A.T. (1980). Inhibition of the growth of micro-algae and bacteria by extracts of eelgrass (Zostera marina) leaves. Marine Biology, Berlin 61: 21-26.

Haselkorn, R. (1986). Organization of the genes for nitrogen fixation in photosynthetic bacteria and cyanobacteria. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 40: 525-547.

Hernández-Mariné, M. (1999). Densas poblaciones de una bacteria sulfurosa en la plataforma sedimentaria de Namibia. Science April, 16, 1999, 284(5413):493-495 . Algas 22: 3-4.

Heywood, P. (1978). Intracellular bacteria in Gonyostomum semen (Chloromonadophyceae). Journal of Phycology 14: 121-122.

Holmes, M.A., Brown, M.T., Loutit, M.W. & Ryan, K. (1991). The involvement of epiphytic bacteria in Zinc concentration by the red alga Gracilaria sordida. Mar Environ Res 31(1): 55-67.

Inamori, Y., Sugiura, N., Iwami, N., Matsumura, M., Hiroki, M. & Watanabe, M.M. (1998). Degradation of the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis viridis using predaceous micro-animals combined with bacteria. Phycological Research 46: 37-44.

Iqbal, M., Grey, D., Sepan-Sarkissian, G. & Fowler, M.W. (1993). Interactions between the unicellular red alga Porphyridium cruentum and associated bacteria. European Journal of Phycology 28: 63-68, 2 figs, 3 tables.

Johnson, C.R., Sutton, D.C., Olson, R.R. & Giddins, R. (1991). Settlement of crown-of-thorns starfish - role of bacteria on surfaces of coralline algae and a hypothesis for deepwater recruitment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 71(2): 143-162.

Jones, D.R., Karl, D.M. & Laws, E.A. (1995). DNA:ATP ratios in marine microalgae and bacteria: implications for growth rate estimates based on rates of DNA synthesis. Journal of Phycology 31: 215-223, 4 figs, 4 tables.

Kamjunke, N., Köhler, B., Wannicke, N. & Tittel, J. (2008). Algae as competitors for glucose with heterotrophic bacteria. Journal of Phycology 44: 616-623.

Kathiresan, K. & Selvam, M.M. (2006). Evaluation of beneficial bacteria from mangrove soil. Botanica Marina 49: 86-88.

Kito, H., Akiyama, K. & Sasaki, M. (1976). Electron microscopic observations on the diseased thalli of Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar, caused by parasitic bacteria. Bull. Tohoku Reg. Fish. Lab. 36: 67-73.

Kogure, K., Simidu, U. & Taga, N. (1979). Effect of Skeletonema costatum (Grev.) Cleve on the growth of marine bacteria. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 36: 201-215.

Kogure, K., Simidu, U. & Taga, N. (1980). Effect of phyto- and zooplankton on the growth of marine bacteria in filtered seawater. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries 46: 323-326.

Kushner, D.J. (1978). Life in high salt and solute concentrations: halophilic bacteria. In: Microbial Life in Extreme Envionments. (Kushner, D.J. Eds), pp. 318-368. London: Academic Press.

Lange, W. (1970). Cyanophyta-bacteria systems: effects of added carbon compounds or phosphate on algal growth at low nutrient concentrations. Journal of Phycology 6: 230-234, 1 fig, 4 tables.

Lange, W. (1973). Bacteria-assimilable organic compounds, phosphate and enhanced growth of bacteria-associated blue-green algae. Journal of Phycology 9: 507-509.

Largo, D.B., Fukami, K., Adachi, M. & Nishijima, T. (1997). Note: Direct enumeration of bacteria from macroalgae by epifluorescence microscopy as applied to the fleshy red algae Kappaphycus alvarezii and Gracilaria spp. (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 33: 554-557, 4 figs.

Lee, J.-H., Eom, S.-H., Lee, E.-H., Jung, Y.-J., Kim, H.-J., Jo, M.-R., Son, K.-T., Lee, H.-J., Kim, J.H., Lee, M.-S. & Kim, Y.-M. (2014). In vitro antibacterial and synergistic effect of phlorotannins isolated from edible brown seaweed Eisenia bicyclis against acne-related bacteria. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 29(1): 47-55.

Li, W.K.W. & Dickie, P.M. (1985). Growth of bacteria in seawater filtered through 0.2 µm nucleopore membranes: implications for dilution experiments. Marine Ecology Progress Series 26: 245-252.

Machlis, L. (1973). The effects of bacteria on the growth and reproduction of Oedogonium cardiacum. Journal of Phycology 9: 342-344, 1 fig, 1 table.

Mariani Colombo, P. (1978). Occurrence of endophytic bacteria in siphonous algae. Phycologia 17: 148-151, 9 figs.

Mayali, X., Franks, P.J.S., Tanaka, Y. & Azam, F. (2008). Bacteria-induced motility reduction in Lingulodinium polyedrum (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 44: 923-928.

Migula, W. (1896). Schizomycetes (Bacteria, Bacterien). In: Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien...I. Teil. Abt. 1a. (Engler, A. & Prantl, K. Eds), pp. 2-44. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.

Nagai, S. & Imai, I. (1998). Enumeration of bacteria in seaweed and sediment from the Seto Inland Sea of Japan that promote sperm formation in Coscinodiscus wailesii (Bacillariophyceae). Phycologia 37: 363-368, 7 figs, 1 table.

Nakanishi, K., Nishijima, M., Nishimura, M., Kuwano, K. & Saga, N. (1996). Note: Bacteria that induce morphogenesis in Ulva pertusa (Chlorophyta) grown under axenic conditions. Journal of Phycology 32: 479-482, 1 fig, 3 tables.

Nalewajko, C. & Lean, D.R.S. (1972). Growth and excretion in planktonic algae and bacteria. Journal of Phycology 8: 361-366, 2 figs, 4 tables.

Novick, A. & Szilard, L. (1950). Experiments with the chemostat on spontaneous mutations of bacteria. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 36: 708-719.

Nozaki, H., Kuroiwa, H., Mita, T. & Kuroiwa, T. (1989). Pleodorina japonica sp. nov. (Volvocales, Chlorophyta) with bacteria-like endosymbionts. Phycologia 28: 252-267.

Oshima, A., Fukunaga, N. & Sasaki, S. (1987). Effect of temperature on natural mRNA-directed protein synthesis in psychrophilic and mesophilic bacteria. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Series V (Botany) 14: 1-10.

Paerl, H.W. (1976). Specific associations of the bluegreen algae Anabaena and Aphanizomenon with bacteria in freshwater blooms. Journal of Phycology 12: 431-435, 2 figs.

Paerl, H.W. (1984). Transfer of N2 and CO2 fixation products from Anabaena oscillarioides to associated bacteria during inorganic carbon sufficiency and deficiency. Journal of Phycology 20: 600-608, 8 figs.

Pankhania, I.P. (1988). Hydrogen metabolism in sulphate-reducing bacteria and its role in anaerobic corrosion. Biofouling 1(1): 27-47.

Paran, N., Dubinsky, Z. & Berman, T. (1991). Interaction between mixotrophic flagellates and bacteria in aquatic ecosystems. Symbiosis 10(1-3): 219-231.

Patterson, G.M.L. & Harris, D.O. (1983). The effect of Pandorina morum (Chlorophyta) toxin on the growth of selected algae, bacteria and higher plants. British Phycological Journal 18: 259-266, 1 fig, 5 tables.

Pollingher, U. & Gold, K. (1971). Occurrence of endosymbiotic bacteria in marine dinoflagellate. Journal of Phycology 7: 264-265.

Preisig, H.R. & Hibberd, D.J. (1984). Virus-like particles and endophytic bacteria in Paraphysomonas and Chromophysomonas (Chrysophyceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 4: 279-285.

Pringsheim, E.G. (1949). The relationship between bacteria and Myxophyceae. Bacteriol. Rev. 13: 47-98.

Provasoli, L. & Pintner, I.J. (1980). Bacteria induced polymorphism in an axenic laboratory strain of Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyceae). Journal of Phycology 16: 196-201.

Provasoli, L. & Pinter, I. J. (1981). Bacteria-reduced polymorphism in an axenic laboratory strain of Ulva lactuca. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 8: 231.

Reymond, O.L. & Birchem, R. (1991). Bacteria-like cytoplasmic symbionts in a natural population of the green alga Desmatractum bipyramidatum (Chlorococcales). Archiv für Protistenkunde 139(1-4): 53-54.

Rosowski, J.R. & Cout, A. (1996). Bacteria on the lorica of Trachelomonas occur in nature, not just in culture (Comment). Journal of Phycology 32: 697-698.

Rosowski, J.R. & Langenberg, W.G. (1994). The near-spineless Trachelomonas grandis (Euglenophyceae) superficially appears spiny by attracting bacteria to its surface. Journal of Phycology 30: 1012-1022, 17 figs.

Roth, I.G. & Hayasaka, S.S. (1984). Seasonal distribution and partial characterization of anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria associated with North Carolina Zostera marina seagrass bed sediment. Botanica Marina 27: 203-210.

Schmid, A.-M.M. (2003). Endobacteria in the diatom Pinnularia (Bacillariophyceae). I. "Scattered ct-nucleoids" explained: DAPI-DNA complexes stem from exoplastidial bacteria boring into the chloroplasts. Journal of Phycology 39: 122-138.

Schnepf, E. & Melkonian, M. (1990). Bacteriophage-like particles in endocytic bacteria of Cryptomonas (Cryptophyceae). Phycologia 29: 338-343, 16 figs.

Schoenberg, S.A. (1990). Short-term productivity responses of algae and bacteria to zooplankton grazing in 2 freshwater lakes. Freshwater Biology 23(3): 395-410.

Sheldon, S.P. (1990). Differential colonization and growth of algae and ferromanganese-depositing bacteria in a mountain stream. J Freshwater Ecol 5(4): 475-485.

Shin, W., Boo, S.M. & Fritz, L. (2003). Endonuclear bacteria in Euglena hemichromata (Euglenophyceae): a proposed pathway to endonucleobiosis . Pycologia 42(2): 198-203, 10 figs.

Smith, G.W., Kozuchi, A.M. & Hayasaka, S.S. (1982). Heavy metal sensitivity of seagrass Rhizoplane and sediment bacteria. Botanica Marina 25: 19-24.

Sousa e Silva, E. (1978). Endonuclear bacteria in two species of dinoflagellates. Protistologica 14: 113-119.

Stanier, R.Y., Sistrom, W.R., Hansen, T.A., Whitton, B.A., Castenholz, R.W., Pfennig, N., Gorlenko, V.N., Kondratieva, E.M.N., Eimhjellen, R.F., Whittenbury, R., Gerna, R. & Trüper, H.G. (1978). Proposal to place the nomenclature of the cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) under the rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28: 335-336.

Takahashi, K., Wada, E. & Sakamoto, M. (1990). Carbon isotope discrimination by phytoplankton and photosynthetic bacteria in monomictic lake Fukami-Ike. Arch Hydrobiol 120(2): 197-210.

Tsekos, I. (1982). Tumour-like growths induced by bacteria in the thallus of a red alga, Gigartina teedii (Roth.) Lamour.. Ann Bot 49: 123-126.

Töbe, K., Ferguson, C., Kelly, M., Gallacher, S. & Medlin, L.K. (2001). Seasonal occurrence at a Scottish PSP monitoring site of purportedly toxic bacteria originally isolated from the toxic dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium. European Journal of Phycology 36: 243-256.

Ukeles, R. & Bishop, J. (1975). Enhancement of phytoplankton growth by marine bacteria. Journal of Phycology 11: 142-149.

Underwood, G.J.C. & Thomas, J.D. (1990). Grazing interactions between pulmonate snails and epiphytic algae and bacteria. FRESHW BIOL 23(3): 505-522.

Vairappan, C.S. & Suzuki, M. (2000). Dynamics of total surface bacteria and bacterial species counts during desiccation in the Malaysian sea lettuce, Ulva reticulata (Ulvales, Chlorophyta). Phycological Research 48: 55-62.

Vance, B.D. (1966). Sensitivity of Microcystis aeruginosa and other blue-green algae and associated bacteria to selected antibiotics. Journal of Phycology 2: 125-128, 4 tables.

Vanelsas, J.D. & Heijnen, C.E. (1990). Methods for the introduction of bacteria into soil - a review. Biol Fert Soils 10(2): 127-133.

Vanucci, S., Guerrini< F., Pezzolesi, L., Dell-Aversano, C., Ciminiello, P. & Pistochi, R. (2012). Cell growth and toxins' content of Ostreopsis cf. ovata in presence and absence of associated bacteria. Cryptogamie Algologie 33(2): 105-112.

Weiss, R.L. (1983). Fine structure of the snow alga (Chlamydomonas nivalis) and associated bacteria. Journal of Phycology 19: 200-204, 6 figs.

Wujek, D.E. (1984). Bacteria in the perinuclear cisternae if the chrysophyte Chrysophaerella. Trans. Kansas. Acad. Sci. 87: 32-35.

<< Taxonomy Detail

The classification is currently being revised and elaborated and is not completely reliable. Seaweeds, flowering plants and ferns are reasonably complete, as are sponges and butterflies. Some common birds have been entered, but only about 150 of the 450 or so reported from Ireland.